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50mm Brandt mortar model 1937
60mm Brandt mortar model 1935
25mm Puteaux anti-tank gun model 1937
81.4mm Brandt mortar model 1927/31
81.4mm Brandt mortar model 1939
37mm Bofors anti-tank gun model 1936
47mm Breda anti-tank gun model 1935
47mm Bohler anti-tank gun model 1935
50mm Pak 38 anti-tank gun model 1938
75mm Pak 97/38 anti-tank gun model 1897/38
75mm Pak 40 anti-tank gun model 1940
75mm DT-UDR 26 anti-tank gun model 1943
75mm Schneider-Putilov field gun model 1902/36
75mm Krupp field gun model 1904
75mm Puteaux field gun model 1897
75mm Skoda field gun model 1928
76mm field gun model 1942
105mm Schneider field gun model 1936
100mm Skoda field howitzer model 1934
105mm Krupp field howitzer model 1898/09
105mm Krupp field howitzer model 1912
105mm Krupp field howitzer model 1916
105mm Krupp field howitzer model 1918/40
105mm Skoda field howitzer model 1940/43
120mm De Bange field howitzer model 1878
122mm field howitzer model 1910/30
150mm Skoda field howitzer model 1934
75mm Skoda mountain gun model 1915
75mm Schneider mountain gun model 1906/09
76.2mm Putilov mountain gun model 1909
100mm Skoda mountain howitzer model 1916
105mm Bohler mountain howitzer model 1940
13.2mm Hotchkiss antiaircraft machine-gun model 1931
25mm Hotchkiss antiaircraft gun model 1939
20mm Oerlikon antiaircraft gun model 1928
20mm Gustloff antiaircraft gun model 1938
37mm Rheinmetall antiaircraft gun model 1939
40mm Bofors antiaircraft gun model 1930
75mm Vickers antiaircraft gun model 1936/39
76.5mm Skoda antiaircraft gun model 1925
88mm Krupp antiaircraft gun model 1936
155mm Schneider field gun model 1917
75mm Schneider-Putilov field gun model 1902/36
75mm Schneider-Putilov field gun model 1902/36.
75mm Schneider-Putilov field gun model 1902/36. Notice the damage caused by the shell explosion inside the breech.
Camouflaged 75mm  Schneider-Putilov gun model 1902/36 on the front line

After WW1, Romania remained with a very large quantity of 75 mm shells (around 5 million), but artillery park was extremely varied, having numerous different types and calibers. The need for standardization was very clear. The Schneider-Putilov 76.2 mm gun model 1902 seemed the obvious choice to introduce as a standard 75 mm gun for the infantry division, as around 460 pieces had been abandoned by the Russian Army in Romania.

The retubing of these artillery pieces began in 1925 at the Resita steel works. Two different templates were used: one that mimicked the original interior of the gun and one that mimicked the interior of the 75mm Krupp model 1904. While the 76.2 mm version preserved the performance of the initial model, the version prepared for the 75 mm ammo had a poor performance in both precision and range.

By 1933, 78 pieces of the model 1925 were in a poor state and had to be replaced. Since the idea to import new 75 mm artillery from Czechoslovakia was given up in the early '30s, a new refurbishment program began with the Resita steel works. This time the upgrade included the introduction of a new intermediary Resita model tube, as well as of a new inner tube. Three version of the inner tube were made: one having as template the 75 mm Puteaux model 1897 gun, one having the rifling of the 75 mm Puteaux model 1897 gun and the chamber of the 75 mm Krupp model 1904 and one preserving the original template. The targeting and recoil system were also upgraded. The idea was to use the existing ammo stocks until they were depleted and then all the versions would use the Schneider model 1917 shell, with which a maximum range of 11,200 m was achieved (significantly higher than the original 8,500 m range).

This model was named the 76.2/75 mm Shneider-Putilov model 1902/1936 and formed the backbone of the artillery regiments of the infantry divisions in the first years of WW2.
Caliber 76.2mm/75mm
Barrel length 2,250mm, 30 calibers
Weight 1,350 kg during fire, 1,950kg during march
Shell weight 6.415kg
Muzzle velocity 588m/s
Vertical field of fire -3 to +17
Horizontal field of fire 5
Max range11,200m

Author: Victor Nitu

Stroea A., Bajenaru Gh., Artileria romana in date si imagini, Ed. Centrului Tehnic-Editorial al Armatei, 2010

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