In March 1939, an order of 30 He-112Bs was issued to Heinkel and by August they had
already arrived and were assigned to the 5th Fighter Group (51st and 52nd Squadron).
In June 1941, the group was included into the Combat Air Grouping and saw action from
the first day of operation Barbarossa. The first victories in a He-112B were among the
first achieved by ARR during the war. Slt. av. Teodor Moscu claimed three I-16s over
Bulgarica airfield early on 22 June 1941, but only two were confirmed. The first loss came
the next day, when adj. av. Codrut Anghel was shot down in an engagement with the 249th
IAP. The Heinkels were mainly used in a ground attack role and were quite successful, but
due to the lack of serious armor protection, this lead to seroius losses.
In August 1941, the 52nd Squadron trasferred its remaining He-112Bs to the 51st Squadron
and received IAR-80As. The 51st was assigned temporarily to home defense, but in October it
was sent to take part in the siege of Odessa. After the city fell on 16 October, the
squadron remained there and flew coastal defense and tactical reconaissance missions over
the Black Sea, until July 1942, when the squadron was brought back to Romania. The same
month, a He-112B from the 51st Fighter Squadron flew the first night interception misssion
in the history of ARR against Soviet bombers that were attacking Bucharest.
In early 1943, the 51st Squadron switched to Bf-110s and the remaining Heinkels were
relegated to advanced trainer role and used from in the process of training Bf-109G
|Climbs to 4900 m
|Junkers Jumo 210 Ea 680 HP
Picture from "He-112 in action" by Dénes Bernád,
Squadron/Signal Publications, 1996
|Climbs to 4900 m
|Junkers Jumo 210 Ga 700 HP