Romanian Armed Forces
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50mm Brandt mortar model 1937
60mm Brandt mortar model 1935
25mm Puteaux anti-tank gun model 1937
81.4mm Brandt mortar model 1927/31
81.4mm Brandt mortar model 1939
37mm Bofors anti-tank gun model 1936
47mm Breda anti-tank gun model 1935
47mm Bohler anti-tank gun model 1935
50mm Pak 38 anti-tank gun model 1938
75mm Pak 97/38 anti-tank gun model 1897/38
75mm Pak 40 anti-tank gun model 1940
75mm DT-UDR 26 anti-tank gun model 1943
75mm Schneider-Putilov field gun model 1902/36
75mm Krupp field gun model 1904
75mm Puteaux field gun model 1897
75mm Skoda field gun model 1928
76mm field gun model 1942
105mm Schneider field gun model 1936
100mm Skoda field howitzer model 1934
105mm Krupp field howitzer model 1898/09
105mm Krupp field howitzer model 1912
105mm Krupp field howitzer model 1916
105mm Krupp field howitzer model 1918/40
105mm Skoda field howitzer model 1940/43
120mm De Bange field howitzer model 1878
122mm field howitzer model 1910/30
150mm Skoda field howitzer model 1934
75mm Skoda mountain gun model 1915
75mm Schneider mountain gun model 1906/09
76.2mm Putilov mountain gun model 1909
100mm Skoda mountain howitzer model 1916
105mm Bohler mountain howitzer model 1940
13.2mm Hotchkiss antiaircraft machine-gun model 1931
25mm Hotchkiss antiaircraft gun model 1939
20mm Oerlikon antiaircraft gun model 1928
20mm Gustloff antiaircraft gun model 1938
37mm Rheinmetall antiaircraft gun model 1939
40mm Bofors antiaircraft gun model 1930
75mm Vickers antiaircraft gun model 1936/39
76.5mm Skoda antiaircraft gun model 1925
88mm Krupp antiaircraft gun model 1936
155mm Schneider field gun model 1917
75mm Vickers antiaircraft gun model 1936/39
Vickers/Resita model 1936/39 75 mm AA gun in the National Military Museum. Behind it there is the Bungescu fire control system.
The Bungescu model 1938 AA fire control system and the 75 mm Vickers-Resita model 1936/39 in the courtyard of the National Military Museum in Bucharest

Vickers-Armstrong made the first M. 31 75 mm AA gun in 1920. Even though it incorporated many modern features the British Army initially refused it. However, it had more success abroad, where it was bought by Belgium, Lithuania, Holland, Portugal, Turkey and China.

In 1935 it was selected to be the new standard heavy AA gun of the Romanian Army. The contract, which was signed in 1936, was for 25 batteries (150 pieces), of which 8 batteries were going to be built by Vickers and the rest of 17 under license by the Resita Works.

In March 1939, the British firm delivered the 48 guns and the first battery made at Resita equipped a Romanian AA artillery regiment by 1 August the same year. To hurry the production, after WWII erupted in Europe, a second production line was established at the Astra Works in Brasov. As the war progressed, the Romanian factories ignored the license contract and continued to produce the AA guns the army badly needed.

The initial 25 batteries also included a fire control system, built by Vickers, but which was already outdated at the beginning of the war. It was replaced by a Romanian system created by major Bungescu, which permitted the coordination of multiple batteries and obtained better results.

The Vickers/Resita model 1936/39 75mm AA gun was used by almost all ten Romanian AA regiments, throughout the war, and was much appreciated for its qualities in the anti-aircraft and also anti-tank role (as it was used in some desperate situations at Stalingrad). It remained in service until the early 50s, when it was replaced by Soviet built models.

Caliber75 mm
Length in calibersL/43
Barrel's length3,225 mm
Total weight3,325 kg
Weight in action2,825 kg
Maximum vertical firing angle90 degrees
Horizontal firing angle360 degrees
Shell's weight6.5 kg
Muzzle velocity750 - 850 m/s
Range10,000 m
Author: Victor Nitu
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