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> Clasps of the WWI Commemorative Cross
Carol I
Posted: November 11, 2005 10:02 pm
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Seeing the interest in the clasps of the Crusade against Bolshevism medal, I thought it would be useful to open a similar thread on the clasps of the WWI Commemorative Cross.

The cross itself (with the full name 'Commemorative Cross of the 1916-1918 War') has been established through Royal Decree 1744 of 8 July 1918 and has been awarded to the civilians and the military personnel that participated to WWI. The cross was a Byzantine cross with the cypher of King Ferdinand on the obverse and the years 1916-1918 on the reverse.

(IMG:http://www.marksmedals.com/romanian_medals_files/ww1_cross_files/ww1cross.JPG)
Source: The Piersall Collection of Medals

The participants to the 1919 campaign received a different version of the cross that had the years 1916-1919 on the reverse.

Participation to particular battles was marked through the addition of metal clasps to the ribbon of the medal. According to the Safta et al book on Romanian war decorations, the following clasps were issued: ARDEAL, BUCUREŞTI, CARPAŢI, CERNA, DOBROGEA, JIU, MĂRĂŞEŞTI, MĂRĂŞTI, OITUZ, TG. OCNA and TURTUCAIA. The same book mentions as a late addition (1927) the ITALIA clasp awarded to the members of the Romanian Legion in Italy.

The Catone et al book on Romanian decorations mentions a further clasp, DUNĂREA. And I also remember seeing references to the 1919 clasp for the 1919 campaign.

Please post here images of the various clasps of this medal.
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dragos03
Posted: November 11, 2005 10:21 pm
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Here is one with Ardeal, Dobrogea, Carpati, Bucuresti and Marasti.

(IMG:http://img478.imageshack.us/img478/8172/cruceaww1cuardobcarpbucmarasti.gif)
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dragos03
Posted: November 11, 2005 10:30 pm
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In addition to the clasps already mentioned by Carol I, i also saw a "1918" clasp.
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Carol I
Posted: November 11, 2005 11:00 pm
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QUOTE (dragos03 @ Nov 11 2005, 11:30 PM)
In addition to the clasps already mentioned by Carol I, i also saw a "1918" clasp.

I think I also remember seeing that one. What was it supposed to mark, the participation to the campaign after 10 November 1918?
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Carol I
Posted: November 11, 2005 11:13 pm
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Bar with the WWI Cross with DOBROGEA, MARASTI, CERNA and 1919 clasps (from eBay).

(IMG:http://img248.imageshack.us/img248/4817/7164970864de.jpg)
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Carol I
Posted: November 11, 2005 11:20 pm
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Medal with ARDEAL, DUNAREA, CARPATI, BUCURESTI, MARASESTI and DOBROGEA clasps (from eBay)

(IMG:http://img248.imageshack.us/img248/3761/7222951822xu.jpg)
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Carol I
Posted: November 11, 2005 11:23 pm
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WWI Cross with JIU and MARASTI clasps (from eBay)

(IMG:http://img248.imageshack.us/img248/9673/7387957077qn.jpg)
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Carol I
Posted: November 11, 2005 11:26 pm
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WWI Cross with CARPATI, ARDEAL, 1918 and 1919 clasps on a medal bar from eBay

(IMG:http://img248.imageshack.us/img248/9730/7351395617fc.jpg)
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Carol I
Posted: November 11, 2005 11:46 pm
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WWI Cross with ARDEAL, CARPATI, TARGUL-OCNA, OITUZ, 1918 and 1919 clasps on a bar (from eBay)

(IMG:http://img131.imageshack.us/img131/9528/3239150280a5ta.jpg)
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Carol I
Posted: November 11, 2005 11:50 pm
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MARASTI clasp without a diamond and DOBROGIA clasp (interesting variation of the DOBROGEA clasp) beside BUCURESTI and 1919 clasps

(IMG:http://img131.imageshack.us/img131/5279/3247319561e1xo.jpg)
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Carol I
Posted: November 11, 2005 11:54 pm
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Poor image of the TURTUCAIA clasp (beside others)

(IMG:http://img376.imageshack.us/img376/8946/2209197137a1qw.jpg)
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Carol I
Posted: November 11, 2005 11:55 pm
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The unified list of clasps built from the information posted on this thread:

1918
1919
ARDEAL
BUCUREŞTI
CARPAŢI
CERNA
DOBROGEA
DOBROGIA
DUNĂREA
ITALIA
JIU
MĂRĂŞEŞTI
MĂRĂŞTI
MĂRĂŞTI ◊
OITUZ
TÂRGUL-OCNA
TURTUCAIA

Has anyone seen the ITALIA clasp?
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boonicootza
Posted: November 12, 2005 02:02 am
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boonicootza
Posted: November 12, 2005 02:07 am
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Carol I
Posted: November 12, 2005 10:37 am
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It appears there are two versions of the ARDEAL clasp: ARDEAL and A R D E A L. Take a loog at the following images and compare the length of the ARDEAL writing with that of CARPATI.

(IMG:http://img131.imageshack.us/img131/9528/3239150280a5ta.jpg)
(IMG:http://img248.imageshack.us/img248/9730/7351395617fc.jpg)
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