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> "Totenkopf" secui/szekely units, 1848 Revolution
Iamandi
Posted: May 11, 2005 06:51 am
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Anyone could post some explanations about this? My data are poor. I know they were fighting as counter-revolutionary units, and were formed only with "secui". I read some years ago, but i forget in what book, but if i remember right were memories of Toma Avramut about Avram Iancu, but i don't bet about accuracy of this remember.

Iama
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Dénes
Posted: May 11, 2005 08:58 pm
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QUOTE (Iamandi @ May 11 2005, 12:51 PM)
I know they were fighting as counter-revolutionary units, and were formed only with "secui".

What do you mean by "counter-revolutionary units"? The seklers (székelyek in Hungarian, secui in Rumanian) were usually part of the Hungarian revolutionary army...

Gen. Dénes

This post has been edited by Dénes on May 11, 2005 08:58 pm
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Iamandi
Posted: May 12, 2005 05:39 am
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A big part of my books are at my mom's house, so in few days i will re-read. My memory is very good some times, but is not perfect. From the same book, and the same chapter, i remember well parts of text but not so much about what i ask - with hope to learn more, if someone had more info.
Denes, you are right. They were fighters in revolutionary army, but this units maybe were part of imperial army. Or, maybe were voluntary units with a precise scope, if we give attention to this "Totenkopf" horrible name.

Iama
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Kepi
Posted: September 30, 2005 01:44 pm
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Szeckel units during the 1848-49 revolution in Transylvania, were represented mainly be the two frontier (Grenz) regiments raised by the Empress Maria Tereza, along with two Wallachian (Romanian) units, in 1762, to defend the eastern borders of the Austrian Empire against Ottoman attacks. The 1st Szeckel Frontier Infantry Regiment ( „1. Szekler Grenzinfanterieregiment”) had the headquarters in Miercurea Ciuc (“Tsik-Szereda”), and the 2nd Szeckel Frontier Infantry Regiment ( „2. Szekler Grenzinfanterieregiment”) had the headquarters in Târgul Secuiesc (“Kézdi-Vásárhely”).
Szeckel and Romanian frontier regiments fought during the wars with the Ottoman Empire, at the end of XVIIIth Century and during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars.

In 1848, when Hungarian revolution has started, Szeckel frontier regiments fought on the Hungarian revolutionary army side, against the Austrian imperial troops. Romanian frontier regiments, maintained a kind of neutrality but supported in fact the Austrians. After the Hungarian revolution was defeated in 1849 by a Austro-Russian coalition, all Transylvanian frontier regiments were disbanded, in 1851, in fact transformed into KuK line infantry units. The 1st Szeckel regiment became the 5th KuK Line Infantry Regiment and the 2nd Szeckel Regiment became the 6th KuK Line Infantry Regiment.

It’s important to note that from 1883 the Colonel in Chief of this unit became King Carol I of Romania, and from 1903 on the head of the officers list was also named Prince Ferdinand of Romania. Of course, in 1916, when the war started between Romania and Austria-Hungary, Ferdinand name was banished from the 6th KuK Infantry Regiment list.

I also want to mention that today, there are Szeckel infantry and cavalry (hussars) XIXth Century reeancting groups in Transylvania who participate at all major festivities of the Hungarian communities. They also participate at Napoleonic reenacting shows in Gyor, Austerlitz, Marengo, Leipzig, etc, where these units fought in 1797-1813.

What about the Romanian reenactment units of the same period?
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Dan Po
Posted: November 20, 2005 12:05 pm
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As an interesting fact, in 1914, the garrison of "Infanterieregiment Carl I. König von Rumänien Nr.6" was Budapest.
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Dénes
Posted: November 20, 2005 03:04 pm
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It's a little known and little publicised fact that the Rumanian Kingdom was an ally of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy up to the moment of Rumania's declaration of war in August 1916.

Gen. Dénes
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sid guttridge
Posted: November 21, 2005 07:36 am
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Hi Denes,

Under what treaty?

Cheers,

Sid.
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sid guttridge
Posted: November 21, 2005 07:45 am
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Hi Dan Po,

This was a not uncommon occurrence. King George V of Britain was colonel of a German Hannoverian infantry regiment at the outbreak of WWI, because his ancestors had been hereditary Electors of Hanover until the late 1830s. Similarly, the German Kaiser was a colonel of a British regiment because he was the oldest grandson of Britain's Queen Victoria. (Indeed, he was the most attentive of all her grandchildren at her death bed).

Cheers,

Sid.
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Dan Po
Posted: November 21, 2005 09:12 am
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QUOTE (sid guttridge @ Nov 21 2005, 10:36 AM)
Hi Denes,

Under what treaty?

Cheers,

Sid.

It was a threaty signed in 1883 only by King Carol I. The romanian Parliament wasn t informed about this.

later edit:

here you can find more informations: http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi/1914m/tripally.html

Romania was the 4th member of the intially triple alliance :).

This post has been edited by Dan Po on November 21, 2005 10:27 am
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Kosmo
Posted: December 19, 2005 09:43 am
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QUOTE (Iamandi @ May 11 2005, 06:51 AM)
Anyone could post some explanations about this? My data are poor. I know they were fighting as counter-revolutionary units, and were formed only with "secui". I read some years ago, but i forget in what book, but if i remember right were memories of Toma Avramut about Avram Iancu, but i don't bet about accuracy of this remember.

Iama

Are you refering to "Stramosii"? A poor prolecultist propaganda book by ?Radu Tudoran.
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21 inf
Posted: April 28, 2007 06:29 pm
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There are some info about a "Totenkopf" unit in 1848/1849 civil war in Transilvania.

It was a german infantry company who fought on hungarian side. Those germans have a skull printed on their helmets, that's why "motzii" called them also "totenkopf", but in romanian, of course.

This german "totenkopf" company was wiped out by "motzi" in the fightings who took place between 6-19 may 1849.
Hungarian major Emeric Hatvanyi, with a 6.000 soldiers strong force, entered town Abrud in Tzara Motzilor in early may 1849, during a cease fire, broking the armistice that way.
He captured the romanian prefect (equivalent of colonel) Ioan Butean and Petru Dobra, killing them both, first by hanging, the last by torture.
Motzii atacked Abrud to recapture it and routed Hatvanyi forces out of the town.
They chased hungarian troops and met them again at Gura Cornii and after that at Bucium Cerbu. Here at Bucium Cerbu the german "totenkopf" company was wiped out by motzi from Legio Auraria et Salina, leaded by prefect Simion Balint (who was formerly orthodox priest);Major Hatvanyi lost only in that place 1.700 dead soldiers, from a total of 5.000 which he lost in the period between 6-19 may 1849.

N.B.: motzii were organised as ancient roman legions, wearing roman names as: Prima Blasiana (prefect "colonel" Ioan Axente Sever), Secunda Gemina (prefect Avram Iancu), Ulpia Traiana (prefect Solomon from Hateg), Auraria et Salina (prefect Simion Balint) and so on. A legion was equivalent to a regiment. They were subdivided in battalions, named "tribunate", which had "tribuni" on comand; tribunatele were also subdivided in "centurio" (100 men formations comanded by centurions); 1 centurio was built from 10 "decurio" (10 men strong formations comanded by decurions).
Army of motzi was rasied from peaseant living on the mountains, they was not regular troops; there were poorly armed with captured rifles and homemade cannons made from wood.
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Dénes
Posted: April 28, 2007 08:09 pm
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And what is your source for these claims?

Gen. Dénes
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21 inf
Posted: April 28, 2007 08:29 pm
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If one is in doubt about autenticity of those info, the sources are

http://www.history-cluj.ro/Istorie/cercet/ article by Remus Campean and Florian Dudas - Avram Iancu in traditia poporului; the list may continue on the edge of the same info. Other works cite the same info.
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21 inf
Posted: April 28, 2007 09:23 pm
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After the fightings in Abrud, it is said that Hatvanyi was heard saying "Let the hell to fight with the priests" ("Sa se mai bata dracu' cu popii") - alusion to prefect Simion Balint, who was orthodox priest.

...................................................................................................................

My grand-grand-grand-grand-grandfather (5 generations ago) was decurion on Avram Iancu's Secunda Gemina Legio.
Legio Secunda Gemina was raised from villages around Vidra de Sus, today Avram Iancu, jud. Alba.
My ancestor originated from Vidra de Sus, crangul "La Tarna".
He survived the civil war.
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21 inf
Posted: April 28, 2007 09:25 pm
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Oh, forget 2 mention the sources!
They are the same as above.
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