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Click here to view this topic in its original format Forum > Romania in World War II 1941-1945 > 36. The VI Army Corps Fights in the South of Harkov

Posted by: dragos March 31, 2004 03:55 pm
by Gheorghe Tinica

Before embarking on the summer ofensive to Stalingrad and Caucasus, the German High Command decided to eliminate the bulge which the Soviet troops had made south of Harkov. The operation envisioned the pinpointing of the Soviets on the western side of the bulge and the concomitant mounting of two offensive operations, the former from the south northwards to be carried out by an armoured group (with the right flank on the Donets), the latter from the north southwards, delivered by forces of the German 6th Army. However the German plans were not carried into effect due to the offensive operation staged by the Soviet troops to reject the German and Romanian troops towards Krasnograd (south-west of Harkov).

Starting with May 12, the Soviets engaged in battle the forces disposed in the "bulge" of Izium and carried out a double surrounding manoeuvre; the forces on the flank in the north of Volejansk attacked north and westwards of Harkov while the forces on the southern flank (after breaking through the defence lines at Bereka) attacked west of Harkov.

During the first three days, seven to eight armoured brigades were engaged in action north-east and south of Harkov and they repelled the divisions of the German 6th Army which withdrew 50 km westwards, up to east of Krasnograd, which endangered the flank and rear of the "Von Kortzfleisch" Army Group, fighting at the west and south of the bulge.

The VI Romanian Army Corps (commanded by General Corneliu Dragalina) was committed to battle within the "Von Kortzfleisch" Army Group, and alongside the 298th German Division succeeded in limiting and, till May 17, utterly barring the penetration of Soviet troops southeast of Lozovaia, where it made up a strong defensive line.

The swift offensive, however, created problems to the Soviet troops who could not bring in the necessary supplies and shift the troops from one bank of the Donets to the other, due to the few points where the river could be crossed. Taking advantage of the situation, the German Command mounted the counter offensive of the "Von Kleist" Army Group towards a south-north direction, Slaviansk-Izium, to fall at the rear of the Soviet forces.

Under those circumstances, the VI Army Corps was entrusted with the mission of assuming the offensive north and south of Lozovaia, the main thrust being delivered to the latter direction. Despite the fierce resistance put up by the enemy, the offensive gained scope and on May 25 the 1st Infantry Division occupied Lozovaia.

Under the pressure of the VI Army Corps the Soviet troops gave way and withdrew northwards, to Krasnopavlovka and north-eastward along the valley of Bereka river, followed by the Romanian troops which took direct part in defeating the Soviet troops that had penetrated west of Donets.

Starting with May 26, the Soviet troops were broken up into three groups and by May 31, 1942 all of them were crushed by the German forces. At the end of the battle, Marshal Antonescu considered that the "soldiers of the VI Army Corps, of the 1st, 2nd, 4th and 20th Divisions took part in one of the greatest battles in the history".

Posted by: Petre June 29, 2013 06:48 pm
e-Book : Bykov Konstantin "The last triumph of Wermacht. The Kharcov cauldron". Chap.22 The 6th Ro Army Corps

Posted by: MMM June 30, 2013 01:20 pm
QUOTE (Petre @ June 29, 2013 09:48 pm)
e-Book : Bykov Konstantin "The last triumph of Wermacht. The Kharcov cauldron". Chap.22 The 6th Ro Army Corps

Interesting... too bad the translation (via "goagăl", of course) is quite funny: "Principalele etape ale vieții sale ne-a spus Neetu Victor" - guess who is Neetu! cool.gif

Posted by: Victor July 03, 2013 05:59 am
It took me around one minute to get it smile.gif

Posted by: MMM July 03, 2013 02:39 pm
QUOTE (Victor @ July 03, 2013 08:59 am)
It took me around one minute to get it smile.gif

Anyway, I didin't find anything else related to this present site / forum! Darn rules of quoting your source! Evil rules! blink.gif

Posted by: Petre July 03, 2013 06:55 pm
QUOTE (MMM @ July 03, 2013 02:39 pm)
I didin't find anything else related to this present site / forum!

That is because it was only the Chapter 22 and the links don't work. The sources are present at the end...

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