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|WorldWar2.ro Forum > Romanian Army > Independent Infantry Battalions|
|Posted by: tjk August 15, 2003 11:51 am|
|I have seen reference to a number of battalions numbered in the 400 to 900 number range. How many battalions in total were there and how were they used ? Thank you for your help.|
|Posted by: dragos August 23, 2003 10:51 am|
|Can you be more specific ? Give some examples.|
|Posted by: Victor August 24, 2003 08:08 am|
|I am also curious to know more on these battalions. I was able to find them for the first time in the Caucasus in 1943. I do not exactly how many were they.|
|Posted by: tjk August 25, 2003 12:08 pm|
|The numbers I have are mostly from the "Royal Romanian Army" website. The batallions I have are numbered 460,480,490,502,552,590,670,720,730,750,760,780,991,992 and 993. Any information would be greatly appreciated.|
|Posted by: Victor August 25, 2003 01:15 pm|
|There was also 994.|
|Posted by: Victor June 24, 2004 06:15 pm|
| The 991st, 992nd, 993rd and 994th Independent Infantry Battalions were all manned by convicts. All four were sent to the front in 1942, the first 3 to Stalingrad (to the 5th Infantry Division, 7th Infantry Division and 1st Armored Division respectively) and the last to the Caucasus to the German 97th Infatry Division.
The 995th Battalion was assigned to the 112th Infantry Regiment of teh 24th Infantry Division.
After 23 August 1944 the 998th, 999th, 1000th A, 1000th B and 1000th C battalions, which were assigned to the 19th Infantry Brigade.
The 1001st to 1015th Battalions were work battalions.
|Posted by: mihai June 25, 2004 09:29 am|
Could you tell me the URL of "Royal Romanian Army" website?
|Posted by: dragos June 25, 2004 10:06 am|
|Posted by: tjk June 29, 2004 12:21 pm|
|Thank you for the information. Were the work battalions created after August 1944 and what is the Romanian language term for them ?|
|Posted by: Victor June 29, 2004 05:36 pm|
| The work battalions were created before 23 August 1944.
The term was: Batalionul # Lucru (# - number)
There were also other work battalions: 73rd (sent to Crimea), 76th (at Otopeni, near Bucharest), 1016th and 1017th (made up of Jewish citizens).
During 1941, the 35th Reserve Infantry Division, before it was disbanded in September, organized three independent battalions, which were sent to the front:500th, 550th and 570th.
|Posted by: mihai July 08, 2004 03:31 am|
Is this Mr,Grecu Dan-Simion's site?
|Posted by: Dénes July 08, 2004 07:07 pm|
|Yes, it is. He's from Deva.|
|Posted by: dragos January 02, 2005 01:17 pm|
| The 1000th B and 998th Battalions were assigned to 4th Infantry Division during the fights on the middle Tisza. On 19 October 1944 the Axis forces broke the positions defended by 1000th B Battalion near Szolnok, the battalion armed with 47mm anti-tank guns could not withstand the armored attack and fell back to Mezotur.
SE of Rakoczifalva the German tanks could not break the lines of 998th Battalion, the battalion being supported by the 1st Heavy Artillery Regiment which destroyed 4 heavy tanks and damaged several others.
The 1000th C Battalion was also assigned to the 1st Romanian Army, defending the Cris River line.
|Posted by: REGAL UNIFORMA COLECTOR January 25, 2010 08:46 pm|
One of my favorite reference sites for unit identification is gone off the internet. What happened ? Ref : Dan Grecu - Royal Romanian Army
|Posted by: dragos January 25, 2010 10:14 pm|
|It can still be found here: http://reocities.com/MotorCity/Freeway/7333/|
|Posted by: REGAL UNIFORMA COLECTOR February 02, 2010 04:20 pm|
Dragos, Thanks for the info. Can you tell me where I might find a complete listing of all the guard units that existed. Dan Grecu's website does not go into detail about Guard Regiments or smaller Guard units. I believe the Cavalry had 4 or 5 Guard units. The Air Force had a Guard Regiment at Cluj. I do not see these listed in Grecu's website.
|Posted by: Victor February 03, 2010 09:28 am|
| I will post the list tonight or tomorrow.
Edit (4 February): I am sorry I will only be able to go the place I have the books during this weekend, so I will post the list then.
|Posted by: REGAL UNIFORMA COLECTOR February 05, 2010 04:57 pm|
| Thanks Victor,
I look forward to seeing the list. Does your books also show the insignias worn by all the different Guard units ? I have yet to find any references to the different colored insignias worn by the Guards and this has made identification difficult. I am only familiar with the colors of some of the more common or noted units.
|Posted by: Petre November 12, 2018 02:17 pm|
| Special report ”00” from NKVD, Don Front to the Central command NKVD URSS on the replacement of the Wehrmacht units with troops of Germany allied states
3 nov. 1942
To the Deputy People's Commissar of Internal Affairs URSS, state security commisair 3rd rank, tov. Abakumov
( … )
Din … surse se știe că Înaltul Comandament german a emis un ordin privind transferul autorității în raioanele ocupate din regiunea Rostov către autoritățile române. Comandanții germani ai localităților regiunii Rostov au trecut drepturile lor nou-numiților comandanți români, după ce în prealabil au inventariat toate animalele și păsările populației.
Din interogarea prizonierilor români s-a lămurit că comandamentul român folosește pe front batalioane disciplinare, completate cu elemente infractoare eliberate din închisori.
Soldatul prizonier Garole Dumitru din Bat. disciplinar independent al Div.5 inf rom a arătat la interogatoriul din 23 oct că în august 1942 au fost eliberați mai devreme din închisorile românești peste 2 000 deținuți și acest contingent a fost înrolat în batalioanele disciplinare înființate.
Acești deținuți au fost trimiși în închisori pentru furturi, tâlhării, omoruri. Printre ei au fost condamnați cu până la 25 ani.
Din sus-menționatul contingent a fost format în România și Bat. 991 disciplinar independent al Div.5 inf. aflat pe sectorul Armatei 21 ruse.
Efectivele batalionului 800…1000 oameni; efectivul de comandă este tot din pedepsiți. Bat.991 s-a aflat în rezerva diviziei, dar pe timpul unui atac a fost trimis în față. Pe 18 oct batalionul a fost trimis prima dată în luptă, după care 160 oameni au dezertat. Pe 21 oct din batalion au mai rămas două companii, acestea au fost reformate iar rămășițele subunității au fost vărsate la unitățile Div. 5.