75mm Puteaux field gun model 1897
75mm Schneider field gun model 1897.
75mm Puteaux gun model 1897/36 during march onm the Eastern Front in 1941
A group of cavalry officers in front of a camouflaged 75mm Puteaux gun model 1897/36

This legendary French gun entered service in the Romanian Army during WW1, as part of the reorganization of 1917 when the bulk of the Entente supplies reached Romania. In 1926 there were still 126 pieces in the armyâ??s inventory and ten years later they underwent a process of refurbishing at the Resita Works, together with the Schneider-Putilov guns.

During WW2, the 75mm Puteaux gun model 1897/36 equipped a part of the divisional artillery regiments and served throughout the entire conflict. In 1944-45 it also equipped some of the horse artillery regiments. The losses were replaced by Polish Puteaux guns captured by the Wehrmacht and sold by to Romania, according to some sources.
Caliber 75mm
Max range 8000-11000m
Barrel length 2.72m
Length of rifling 2.23m
Rifling grooves 24
Grooves depth 0.5mm
Weight of breech 27kg
Weight of recoiling mass 461kg
Weight of gun in battery 1140kg
Weight of wheel 81kg
Length of gun in battery 4.45m
Width of path 1.51m
Recoil length 114-122cm
Weight of gun in march w/ front wagon 1970kg
Vertical field of fire -11/+18 degrees
Horizontal field of fire 6 degrees
Max rate of fire 28 rounds/minute
Practical rate of fire 6 rounds/minute
Muzzle velocity 525-577m/s
Firing mechanism straight hammer
Caisson capacity 72 shells

Author: Dragos Pusca & Victor Nitu

Stroea A., Bajenaru Gh., Artileria romana in date si imagini, Ed. Centrului Tehnic-Editorial al Armatei, 2010

User Comments Add Comment
gerard demaison  (29 April 2006)
Dear Sirs
The French 75mm field gun Mle 1897 was not a Schneider product. It was developped by the government-owned Puteaux Arsenal near Paris, by two officers from Ecole Polytechnique : Sainte-Claire-Deville and Rimailho. Initially they were under the direction of a colonel Deport. Some parts                 ( e.g.barrels )were sub-contacted during WW1 to other government arsenals. However final assembly,as well as the manufacture of the hydraulic recoil mechanism were all entirely carried out at Puteaux Arsenal.